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Republic Of Iraq

Capital is Baghdad, Citizens are Iraqis

Countries bordering Iraq: Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia

Iraqi Timeline 1990-2003

2 Aug 1990

Iraq invades Kuwait. UN security council resolution 660 calls for full withdrawal.

16 Jan 1991

The Gulf conflict begins with aerial attacks against military targets throughout Iraq.

27 Feb 1991

Kuwait is liberated following a ground operation by allied forces. The conflict ended with a declaration by Saddam on 28 February stating that Iraq no longer had any claim on Kuwaiti territory.

3 Apr 1991

U.N. Security Council Resolution 687 (1991), Section C, declares that Iraq shall accept unconditionally, under international supervision, the "destruction, removal or rendering harmless" of its weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles with a range over 150 kilometers. Requires Iraq to make a declaration, within 15 days, of the location, amounts, and types of all such items.

10 Apr 1991

Iraq accepts Resolution 687.

18 Apr 1991

Iraq provides initial declaration required under Resolution 687. This declaration includes some chemical weapons and materials and 53 Al-Hussein and Scud type surface-to-surface ballistic missiles. Iraq declares it has no biological weapons program.

16 May 1991

Iraq submits revised declarations covering additional chemical weapons and a refinement of its missile declaration.

May 1991

Through an exchange of letters between U.N. Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali and Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz, Iraq accepts the privileges and immunities of the Special Commission (UNSCOM) and its personnel. These guarantees include the right of "unrestricted freedom of entry and exit without delay or hindrance of its personnel, property, supplies, equipment..."

9 Jun 1991

UNSCOM conducts its first chemical weapons inspection.

17 Jun 1991

The Security Council adopts Resolution 699, which confirms that the Special Commission and the IAEA have the authority to conduct activities under section C of Resolution 687.

30 Jun 1991

UNSCOM conducts its first missile inspection.

2 Aug 1991

UNSCOM conducts its first biological weapons inspection.

15 Aug 1991

The Security Council adopts Resolution 707, demanding that Iraq immediately provide full, final and complete disclosures (FFCDs), as required by Resolution 687.

19 Mar 1992

Iraq declares the existence of 89 previously undeclared ballistic missiles, chemical weapons and associated material. Iraq claims that it unilaterally destroyed most of these undeclared items in the summer of 1991, in violation of Resolution 687.

May 1992

Iraq provides its first FFCDs for its prohibited biological and missile programs. Iraq says it had only a defensive biological weapons program.

Jun 1992

Iraq provides its first FFCD for its prohibited chemical weapons program.

Mar 1995

Iraq provides the second FFCD of its prohibited biological and chemical weapons programs.

Aug 1995

Iraq provides the third FFCD for its prohibited biological weapons program.

8 Aug 1995

General Hussein Kamel, Minister of Industry and Minerals and formerly Director of Iraq's Military Industrialization Corporation with responsibility for all of Iraq's weapons programs, defects Iraq for Jordan.

Hussein Kamel gives evidence about the Iraqi regime's biological weapons programme to the UN

Iraq withdraws its third biological FFCD and admits a far more extensive prohibited biological weapons program than previously admitted, including weaponization.

Iraq also admits greater progress in its efforts to indigenously produce long-range missiles than it had previously declared.

Iraq provides UNSCOM and the IAEA with large amounts of documentation related to its prohibited weapons programs which subsequently leads to further Iraqi disclosures concerning its production of the nerve agent VX and its development of a nuclear weapon.

Hussein Kamel subsequently returns to Iraq after being "forgiven" by Saddam. Kamel is then murdered.

Nov 1995

Iraq provides second FFCD on its prohibited missile program.

Nov 1995

The government of Jordan intercepts a large shipment of high-grade missile components destined for Iraq.

Iraq denies that it had sought to purchase these components, while acknowledging that some of them were in Iraq. An UNSCOM investigation concludes that Iraqi authorities and missile facilities have been involved in acquiring sophisticated guidance and control components for proscribed missiles.

22 Jun 1996

Iraq provides the fourth FFCD of its prohibited biological weapons program.

Jun 1996

Iraq provides third FFCD of its prohibited chemical weapons program.

Jul 1996

Iraq provides the third FFCD of its prohibited missile program.

Sep 1997

Iraq provides a fifth FFCD for its prohibited biological weapons program.

Oct 1997

UNSCOM completes the destruction of additional large quantities of chemical weapons, related equipment, and precursor chemicals. Iraq had previously denied that some of the equipment had been used for chemical weapons production. Iraq admitted in May 1997, following an UNSCOM investigation, that some of the equipment had been used in the production of VX.

Early Feb 1998

A group of international experts and UNSCOM inspectors conduct two technical evaluation meetings (TEM) in Baghdad, reviewing Iraq's VX and missile warhead programs.

The report submitted to the Security Council states the group's unanimous conclusion that Iraq has still not provided sufficient information for the commission to conclude that Iraq had undertaken all the disarmament steps required of it in these areas. The commission's experts brief the Council on the outcome of these two TEMs in March 1998.

8 Apr 1998

The report of the biological weapons technical evaluation meeting is transmitted to the council. Following this TEM, experts unanimously conclude that Iraq's declaration on its biological weapons program is incomplete and inadequate.

5 Aug 1998

The Revolutionary Command Council and the Ba'ath Party Command decide to stop cooperating with UNSCOM and the IAEA until the Security Council agrees to lift the oil embargo as a first step towards ending sanctions.

[3 April 1991 - 5 August 1998 - Source: Derived from an October 1998 UNSCOM document]

16 - 19 Dec 1998

The UK and the US begin Operation Desert Fox, an air offensive intended to significantly diminish Saddam Hussein's ability to threaten his neighbours and international order through his WMD and other military capabilities. This was because of Saddam's continuing pattern of prevarication, obstruction and concealment culminated in the withdrawal of the UNSCOM and IAEA inspection teams in December 1998.

Prime Minister Tony Blair briefed MPs in a statement to Parliament - 

17 Dec 1999

UNSCR 1284 is agreed, creating the UN Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) which replaces UNSCOM. UNSCR 1284 provides for UNMOVIC to establish an integrated arms control monitoring and verification system.

24 Sept 2002

The UK government released its dossier on Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. Published on the 24th September at 8am the dossier details the threat posed by Saddam Hussein's regime. 

Parliament was recalled that day for a debate on Iraq. Prime Minister Tony Blair briefed MPs on the dossier and threat posed by Saddam Hussein.

8 November 2002

UN Security Council unanimously backs the US/UK Resolution 1441. The United Nations declared that it would no longer tolerate the defiance of international law by the Iraqi regime.

18 November 2002

UN weapons inspectors are allowed to return to resume inspections in Iraq.

2 December 2002

The UK Government publishes a document on the human cost of Saddam's policies 

27 January 2003

Chief Weapons inspector Dr Hans Blix and Dr Mohamed ElBaradei, head of the UN's nuclear agency, deliver their report to the UN Security Council on progress being made on weapons inspections in Iraq.

3 February 2003

Iraq's campaign of obstruction against United Nations weapons inspectors is set out in a report released by the UK Government. It also details the way intelligence agencies work to keep the regime in power and the effect they have on the lives of ordinary Iraqis.

14 February 2003

Dr Blix and Dr ElBaradei update the UN Security Council with their second progress report.

7 March 2003

Dr Blix and Dr ElBaradeil deliver their third report on progress in disarming Iraq.

19 March 2003

Start Of The Iraq War 


Detailed Information about Iraq can also be found at the Library Of Congress 

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