Abizaid Says Success in Iraq, Afghanistan Requires Allied Effort


Monday  July 7, 2003
(Defense Department Report, July 7: Iraq; Liberia; CENTCOM; Terrorism)

The new commander of the U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) says achieving
success in Afghanistan and Iraq will require not only military muscle
but also the economic, political, intelligence and diplomatic efforts
of the United States and its friends and allies throughout the region
and the world.

Army General John Abizaid made his observation as he assumed command
on July 7 from retiring Army General Tommy Franks, who led the wars in
Afghanistan and Iraq. In his brief remarks at CENTCOM headquarters in
Tampa, Florida, the new commander also talked about the war against
terrorism, which he described as a war without borders.

Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, who also spoke at the change of
command ceremony, said existing remnants of the past regimes in
Afghanistan and Iraq mean that a scaled-back version of the wars in
each country will continue for some time. The secretary said there is
no one more qualified to step into Franks' "large footsteps" at
CENTCOM than Abizaid, whom he described as a "leader for the 21st

Abizaid has been Franks' deputy at CENTCOM, speaks fluent Arabic, is
of Lebanese descent, graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West
Point, has a degree in Middle Eastern studies from Harvard University,
taught special forces in Jordan, participated in "Operation Provide
Comfort," which supported the Kurds in Iraq in the 1990s, and has
served in the military in Bosnia, Germany, Grenada and the Persian

Rumsfeld also paid tribute to Franks for the innovative war plan that
he conceived and executed in Iraq in April. The secretary said it
demonstrated his ideas on transformation, joint participation by all
of the services, and the critical ability to project power and
precision. Franks served as CENTCOM commander for three years.


Acting Assistant Secretary of Defense Larry DiRita says no particular
time line has been established for the U.S. military assessment team
that has been dispatched to Liberia. DiRita, who has replaced Pentagon
spokesman Victoria Clarke who resigned last month, told reporters at
the Pentagon July 7 that the team's mission is to look at the
circumstances on the ground in Monrovia.

He said he was not in any position to speculate on what might be the
next steps or priorities in Liberia. DiRita reminded his audience that
President Bush has not made any decision yet about sending a U.S.
peacekeeping force to Liberia.


Emad Dhia, director of the Iraqi Reconstruction and Development
Council, who has just spent two months in Iraq together with other
Iraqi volunteers working to rebuild their country, says there is no
question that his fellow Iraqis "feel free" for the first time in 34
years. Iraqis are actively "speaking their minds" now, he said,
without fear of retribution. As evidence of some of their newly found
freedoms, he noted the existence now of some 50 Iraqi newspapers
covering a broad spectrum of public opinion.

Dhia made his comments July 7 during a briefing at the Pentagon as he
prepared to return to Iraq after a short visit to the United States to
share his recent experiences with the military and the press. He said
many Iraqi families are frustrated because of repeated sabotage of
recently repaired power grids in Iraq just at the time when most
students are trying to prepare for final exams.

Addressing the security issues in Iraq, Dhia said the situation would
remain problematic as long as remnants of Saddam Hussein's regime are
intact. While many Iraqis want to enjoy their newly gained liberty and
participate in the democratic process, he said, other Iraqis are still
fighting and causing trouble because they want to try to retain
privileges that they had during Saddam Hussein's rule.

The newly reconstituted Iraqi Ministry of Education has done a good
job of weeding out many high-ranking Ba'athists at the
university-level, Dhia said. He also pointed to the fact that the
university has elected its own president for the very first time. As
to the existence of other Ba'ath holdovers, he said they would remain
"until we take them out."

Dhia, who was the founder of the Iraqi Forum for Democracy, emphasized
that a new era really is under way in Iraq. He pointed out that it
takes time to organize all the elements of a working democracy. He
also noted that three months in not long for all that has been
accomplished in Iraq.

Acting Pentagon spokesman Larry DiRita, who introduced Dhia, said even
though violent incidents continue -- including the recent murder of a
U.S. soldier taking a soda break at the University of Baghdad -- he
urged taking a broad view of conditions, noting that the University is
fully operational in a post-Saddam Hussein environment. He also noted
the recent successful U.S.-sponsored weapons collection program and
the fact that many wanted Iraqis are now in custody.

DiRita described July 7 as the most significant day for Iraq since
April 9, when Saddam Hussein's regime came to an end, because the
administrator of the Coalition Provisional Authority, Ambassador Paul
Bremer, met with the interim city advisory council in Baghdad. The
member council deals with local issues and makes recommendations and
suggestions in the context of managing basic services in the capital.


President Bush determined July 3 that six enemy combatants currently
in U.S. custody are eligible for consideration for possible
prosecution by military commissions. A senior Defense Department
official, who briefed reporters about the legal process on the same
day as the president's decision, said "there is reason to believe that
each of these enemy combatants was a member of al-Qaeda or was
otherwise involved in terrorism directed against the United States"
because there is evidence that they may have attended terrorist
training camps.

Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz will be the one to decide
whether or not to approve any charges the prosecution might bring
against the combatants and refer any charges to an appointed
commission, the official said. A guilty verdict would require a
two-thirds vote, according to the briefer, who declined to be

There is no timetable pushing the military commission process, the
official said. "We've been proceeding very methodically and
deliberately and carefully."

The president's decision is part of an unfolding process, and the
official said there might be additional individuals selected for

The official indicated that the war on terrorism is open-ended. The
individuals who are in custody now are being held because "they're
enemy combatants in an ongoing armed conflict," he said, and not
because any charges have been proffered or criminal activity


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